Texas is well-known for extremes in temperature and lengthy dry spells. For this reason, there are only a few types of grass that do well in Texas. They are: Bermuda grass, Zoysia Grass and St Augustine grass. In this article, we will compare and contrast these types of grasses.
Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground.
It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it consumes quite a bit of water. Nonetheless, it is a traditional favorite. Of the three, Zoysia is actually the best performer, but it is also the most expensive.
Bermuda grass is a traditional favorite that has remained popular. It is not as elegant as Saint Augustine, but it grows well in almost all Texas settings. It is especially well-suited to sandy, coarse soil; whereas, Saint Augustine does well in clay-based soils. Versatile Zoysia does well in both.
Saint Augustine does not do well in rugged terrain. For example, in areas to the north and to the west of San Antonio, it Is a lot smarter to choose Bermuda or Zoysia for sod installation. Both of these are hearty enough to tolerate the challenges present in these rough areas. Keep in mind that Bermuda grass does not do well in shade, so if you have a shaded area of rugged terrain, you are better off choosing Zoysia.
Saint Augustine is a good choice in areas that have very tightly packed, gumbo clay type soil. It is also important to have a consistent and abundant supply of water for Saint Augustine.
For best results, all three of these types of grass should be watered deeply once a week using a minimum of one inch of water. The difference between the three is that without regular watering, Saint Augustine will die off. Bermuda and Zoysia are more resilient and more likely to rally after lengthy periods of drought.
In the final analysis, if you are choosing between Zoysia, Bermuda grass or St Augustine you are generally better off picking from between the first two. Saint Augustine is a traditionally beloved grass and elegant type of grass, but with weather conditions and water availability becoming less and less sure in the state of Texas you are probably better off investing your money in a hardier grass that is more versatile and more tolerant of drought.